APS Reports On Aircraft Ground Icing Research

Client: Transport Canada

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These reports are part of our joint Transport Canada / FAA Aircraft Ground Icing Research Program. To request more information on these reports, please send the title or TP number and the purpose of your request to jdavirro@apsaviation.ca  or antoine.lacroix@tc.gc.ca.

  • Published reports: PDF version available for download.

  • Non-published reports: reports are still in draft form; publication data forms (PDFs) are available for download in most cases.

  • Interim reports: reports will not be published and not available for download.


 

Published Reports

  1. Testing of Endurance Times on Extended Flaps and Slats
         TP 15342E
  2. Aircraft Ground Icing General Research Activities During the 2014-15 Winter
         TP 15323E
  3. Investigation of Ice Phobic Technologies to Reduce Aircraft Icing in Northern and Cold Climates.
         Volume 1 | Volume 2Volume 3Volume 4
         TP 15275E
  4. Development of Ice Samples for Comparison Study of Human and Sensor Capability to Detect Ice on Aircraft
         TP 14450E
  5. Development of Ice Samples for Visual and Tactile Ice Detection Capability Tests
         TP 14449E
  6. Development of Holdover Time Guidelines for Type III Fluids
         TP 14379E
  7. Variance in Endurance Times of De/Anti-Icing Fluids
         TP 14156E
  8. Endurance Times of Fluids Applied with Forced Air Systems
         TP 14153E
  9. A Potential Solution for De/Anti-Icing of Commuter Aircraft
         TP 14152E
  10. Relationship Between Visibility and Snowfall Intensity
         TP 14151E
  11. Evaluation of a Real-Time Snow Precipitation Gauge for Aircraft Deicing Operations
         TP 14150E
  12. Aircraft Takeoff Test Program for Winter 2002-03: Testing to Evaluate the Aerodynamic Penalties of Clean or
         Partially Expended De/Anti-Icing Fluid
         TP 14147E
  13. Three Aircraft Ground Icing Research Activities During the 2001-02 Winter
         TP 13999E
  14. Exploratory Aircraft Ground Icing Research for the 2001-02 Winter
         TP 13998E
  15. Influence of Application Procedure of Anti Icing Fluid Viscosity
         TP 13996E
  16. Aircraft Takeoff Test Program for Winter 2001-02: Testing to Evaluate the Aerodynamic Penalties of Clean
         or Partially Expended De/Anti-icing Fluid
         TP 13995E
  17. Generation of Holdover Times Using the New Type I-Fluid Test Protocol
         TP 13994E
  18. Winter Weather Data Evaluation (1995-2001)
         TP 13830E
  19. Modification of Test Wing to Accommodate Fuel Load Effects for Deicing Research: 2001
         TP 13829E
  20. Endurance Time Testing in Snow: Reconciliation of Indoor and Outdoor Data Winter 2000-01
         TP 13828E
  21. SAE Type I Fluid Endurance Time Test Protocol
         TP 13827E
  22. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Development Program for the 2000-01 Winter
         TP 13826E
  23. Preparation of Jetstar Wing for Use in Deicing Research
         TP 13667E
  24. Contaminated Aircraft Simulation Takeoff Tests for the 1999-2000 Winter: Preparation and Procedures
         TP 13666E
  25. Snow Weather Data Evaluation 1995-2000
         TP 13665E
  26. Safety issues and Concerns of Forced Air Deicing Systems
         TP 13664E
  27. Hot Water Deicing of Aircraft: Phase 2
         TP 13663E
  28. Ice Detection Sensor Capabilities for End of Runway Wing Checks: Phase 2 Evaluation
         TP 13662E
  29. A Second Generation Snowmaking System: Prototype Testing
         TP 13661E
  30. Aircraft Full Scale Test Program for the 1999-2000 Winter: Evaluation of the Positioning of Surface-Mounted Ice         Detection Sensors on the Bombardier CL-65 Aircraft
         TP 13660E
  31. A Snow Generation System Prototype Testing
         TP 13488E
  32. Development of a Plan to Implement a Full Scale Test Site
         TP 13487E
  33. Evaluation of Snow Weather Data for Aircraft Anti-Icing Holdover Times
         TP 13486E
  34. Aircraft Full Scale Test program for the 1998/99 Winter
         TP 13485E
  35. Characteristics of Aircraft Anti-Icing Fluids Subjected to Precipitation: 1998-99
         TP 13484E
  36. Hot Water Deicing of Aircraft
         TP 13483E
  37. Evaluation of Warm Fuel as an Alternative Approach to Deicing
         TP 13482E
  38. Feasibility of Use of Ice Detection Sensors for End-of-Runway Wing Checks
         TP 13481E
  39. Air Velocity Distribution Behind Wing Mounted Aircraft Engines
         TP 13480E
  40. Contaminated Aircraft Takeoff Tests for the 1998-99 Winter
         TP 13479E
  41. Aircraft Deicing Fluid Freeze Point Buffer Requirements for Deicing Only Conditions
         TP 13478E
  42. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Field Testing Program for the 1998-99 Winter
         TP 13477E
  43. Deicing with a Mobile Infra-Red System
         TP 13489E
  44. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Field Testing Program for the 1997-98 Winter
         TP 13318E
  45. Characteristics of Aircraft Anti-Icing Fluids Subjected to Precipitation
         TP 13317E
  46. Contaminated Aircraft Takeoff Test for the 1997/98 Winter
         TP 13316E
  47. Aircraft Deicing Fluid Freeze Point Buffer Requirements: Deicing Only and First Step of Two-Step Deicing
         TP 13315E
  48. Research on Aircraft Deicing Operations for the 1997/98 Winter
         TP 13314E
  49. Examination of the Role of Fluid Freeze Point Buffers
         TP 13129E
  50. Aircraft Full Scale Test Program for the 1996/97 Winter
         TP 13130E
  51. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Field Testing Program for the 1996/97 Winter
         TP 13131E
  52. Aircraft Full Scale Test Program for the 1995-96 Winter; Type IV
         TP 12901E
  53. Evaluation of Fluid Thickness to Locate Representative Surfaces
         TP 12900E
  54. Validation of Methodology for Simulating a Cold-Soaked Wing
         TP 12899E
  55. Feasibility of Enhancing Visibility of Contamination on a Wing Phase 1
         TP 12898E
  56. Evaluation of Frost Formations at Very Cold Temperatures
         TP 12897E
  57. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Field Testing Program for the 1995-96 Winter
         TP 12896E
  58. Methodology for Simulating a Cold Soaked Wing
         TP 12678E
  59. Consolidated Fluid Holdover Time Field Test Data
         TP 12676E
  60. Forced Air De-Icing-Trials for the 1994-05 Winter
         TP 12655E
  61. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Fields Testing Program for the 1994-95 Winter
         TP 12654E
  62. Hot Water De-Icing Trials for the 1994-1995 Winter
         TP 12653E
  63. Aircraft Full Scale Test Program for the 1994-1995 Winter
         TP 12595E
  64. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Field Testing Program for the 1993-94 Winter,
         Test Results Summary
         TP 12915E
  65. Aircraft Ground De/ Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Field Testing Program for the 1992-93 Winter
         TP 11836E
  66. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Field Testing Program for the 1991-92 Winter
         TP 11454E
  67. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Field Test Program for the 1990-91 Winter
         TP 11206E
  68. Regression Coefficients and Equations Used to Develop the Winter 2016-17 Aircraft Ground Deicing Holdover             Time Tables
         TP 15339E
  69. Regression Coefficients and Equations Used to Develop the Winter 2015-16 Aircraft Ground Deicing Holdover             Time Tables
         TP 15322E
  70. Winter Weather Impact on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2015)
         TP 15320E
  71. Regression Coefficients and Equations Used to Develop the Winter 2014-15 Aircraft Ground Deicing Holdover             Time Tables
         TP 15270E
  72. Winter Weather Impact on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2014)
         TP 15268E
  73. Regression Coefficients and Equations Used to Develop the Winter 2013-14 Aircraft Ground Deicing Holdover             Time Tables
         TP 15229E
  74. Winter Weather Impact on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2013)
         TP 15227E
  75. Winter Weather Impact on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2012)
         TP 15201E
  76. Regression Coefficients and Equations Used to Develop the Winter 2012-13 Aircraft Ground Deicing Holdover             Time Tables
         TP 15198E
  77. Regression Coefficients & Equations used to Develop the Winter 2011-12 Aircraft Ground Deicing Holdover                   Time Tables
         TP 15159E
  78. Winter Weather Impact on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2011)
         TP 15157E
  79. Regression Coefficients & Equations used to Develop Winter 2010-11 Aircraft Ground Deicing Holdover                        Time Tables
         TP 15054E
  80. Winter Weather Impact on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2010)
         TP 15051E
  81. Substantiation of Aircraft Ground Deicing Holdover Times in Frost Conditions
         TP 14938E
  82. Regression Coefficients and Equations used to Develop Aircraft Ground Deicing Holdover Time Tables:                        Winter 2009-10
         TP 14937E
  83. Research for Further Development of Ice Pellet Allowance Times: Wind Tunnel Trials to Examine Anti Icing Fluid          Flow-Off Characteristics, Winter 2008-09
         TP 14935E
  84. Winter Weather Impact on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2009)
         TP 14934E
  85. Effect of Heat on Endurance Times of Anti-icing Fluids, Volumes I and II
         TP 14874E
  86. Regression Coefficients Used to Develop the Winter 2008-09 Aircraft Ground Deicing Holdover Time Tables
         TP 14873E
  87. Winter Weather Impact on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2008)
         TP 14870E
  88. Feasibility of ROGIDS Test Conditions Stipulated in SAE Draft Standard AS 5681
         TP 14452E
  89. Regression Coefficients Used to Develop the Winter 2007-08 Type I Generic & Dow UCAR Endurance EG106                 Holdover Time Tables
         TP 14782E
  90. Winter Weather Impact on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2007)
         TP 14777E
  91. Implementation of Holdover Time Determination Systems
         TP 14718E
  92. Winter Weather Impact on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2006)
         TP 14715E
  93. Preliminary Endurance Time Testing in Simulated Ice Pellet Conditions: Volume I and Volume II
         TP 14713E
  94. Effect of Heat on Endurance Times of Anti-icing Fluids
         TP 14447E
  95. Winter Weather Impact on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2005)
         TP 14444E
  96. Adhesion of Aircraft Anti-Icing Fluids on Aluminum Surfaces
         TP 14377E
  97. Winter Weather Impact on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2004)
         TP 14375E
  98. Winter Weather Impact on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2003)
         TP 14146E
  99. Impact of Winter Weather on Holdover Time Table Format (1995-2002)
         TP 13993E
  100. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Development Program for the 2016-17 Winter
         TP 15372E
  101. Regression Coefficients and Equations Used to Develop the Winter 2017-18 Aircraft Ground Deicing Holdover              Time Tables
         TP 15373E
  102. Aircraft Ground Icing General Research Activities During the 2016-17 Winter
         TP 15374E
  103. Testing of Endurance Times on Extended Flaps and Slats (2016-17)
         TP 15375E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-Published Reports

  1. Wind Tunnel Trials to Support Further Development of Ice Pellet Allowance Times: Winter 2015-16
         TP 15341E
  2. Aircraft Ground Icing Research General Activities During the 2015-16 Winter
         TP 15340E
  3. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Development Program for the 2015-16 Winter
         TP 15338E
  4. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Development Program for the 2014-15 Winter
         TP 15321E
  5. Exploratory Wind Tunnel Aerodynamic Research Winter 2013-14
         TP 15274E
  6. Wind Tunnel Trials to Support Further Development of Ice Pellet Allowance Times: Winter 2013-14
         TP 15273E
  7. Cold Climate Technologies – Investigation of Sensor Technologies as an Alternative Means of Detecting Aircraft
         Icing (Year 3 of 3)
         TP 15272E
  8. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Holdover Time Development Program for the 2013-14 Winter
         TP 15271E
  9. Aircraft Ground Icing Research General Activities During the 2013-14 Winter
         TP 15269E
  10. Exploratory Wind Tunnel Aerodynamic Research Winter 2012-13
         TP 15233E
  11. Wind Tunnel Trials to Examine Anti-Icing Fluid Flow-Off Characteristics and to Support the Development of Ice
         Pellet Allowance Times, Winter 2009-10 to 2012-13 Volume 5
         TP 15232E
  12. Cold Climate Technologies - Investigation of Sensor Technologies as an Alternative Means of Detecting Aircraft
         Icing
         TP 15231E
  13. Aircraft Ground Icing Research General Activities During the Winter 2012-13
         TP 15230E
  14. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Holdover Time Development Program for the 2012-13 Winter
         TP 15228E
  15. Aircraft Ground Icing General Research Activities During the 2011-12 Winter
         TP 15203E
  16. Aircraft Ground Icing Research General Activities During the 2011-12 Winter
         TP 15202E
  17. Cold Climate Technologies– Investigation of Sensor Technologies as an Alternative Means of Detecting Aircraft
         Icing
         TP 15200E
  18. Research to Access the Need for Remote On-Ground Ice Detection Systems (ROGIDS) at End-of-Runway
         TP 15199E
  19. Exploratory Wind Tunnel Aerodynamic Research Examination of Contaminated Anti-Icing Fluid Flow-Off
         Characteristics Winter 2010-11
         TP 15160E
  20. Aircraft Ground Icing General Research Activities During the 2010-11 Winter
         TP 15158E
  21. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Development Program for the 2010-11 Winter
         TP 15156E
  22. Exploratory Wind Tunnel Aerodynamic Research Examination of Contaminated Anti-Icing Fluid Flow-Off
         Characteristics Winter 2009-10
         TP 15057E
  23. Holdover Times Related to Aircraft Hangar Operations
         TP 15056E
  24. Emerging De/Anti-Icing Technology: Evaluation of Ice Phobic Products for Potential Use in Aircraft Operations
         TP 15055E
  25. Aircraft Ground Icing General Research Activities During the 2009-10 Winter
         TP 15053E
  26. Development of Type I Fluid Holdover Times for Use on Aircraft with Composite Surfaces.
         Volume 1: Primary Research (Conducted Winter 2009-10) and AnalysisVolume 2: Supporting Research
         (Conducted Winters 2004-05 to 2008-09)
         TP 15052E
  27. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Development Program for the 2009-10 Winter
         TP 15050E
  28. Exploratory Wind Tunnel Aerodynamic Research Examination of Contaminated Anti-Icing Fluid Flow Off
         CharacteristicsWinter 2008-09
         TP 14939E
  29. Aircraft Ground Icing General Research Activities During the 2008-09 Winter
         TP 14936E
  30. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Development Program for the 2008-09 Winter
         TP 14933E
  31. Aircraft Ground Icing General Research Activities During the 2007-08 Winter
         TP 14872E
  32. Research for Further Development of Ice Pellet Allowance Times: Aircraft Trials to Examine Anti-Icing Fluid
         Flow-off Characteristics Winter 2007-08
         TP 14871E
  33. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Development Program for the 2007-08 Winter
         TP 14869E
  34. Aircraft Ground Icing General Research Activities During the 2006-07 Winter
         TP 14781E
  35. Evaluation of Tempered Steam Technology (TST) for Aircraft Deicing Applications
         TP 14780E
  36. Development of Allowance Times for Aircraft Deicing Operations During Conditions with Ice Pellets
         TP 14779E
  37. Flow of Contaminated Fluid from Aircraft Wings: Feasibility Report
         TP 14778E
  38. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Development Program for the 2006-07 Winter
         TP 14776E
  39. Effect of Heat on Fluid Endurance Times Using Composite Surfaces
         TP 14720E
  40. Aircraft Ground Icing General Research Activities During the 2005-06 Winter
         TP 14719E
  41. Endurance Time Testing in Snow: Comparison of Indoor and Outdoor Data for 2005-06
         TP 14717E
  42. Falcon 20 Trials to Examine Fluid Removed from Aircraft During Takeoff with Ice Pellets
         TP 14716E
  43. Evaluation of Fluid Freeze Points in First-Step Application of Deicing Fluids
         TP 14714E
  44. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Development Program for the 2005-06 Winter
         TP 14712E
  45. Aircraft Ground Icing Research General Activities During the 2004-05 Winter
         TP 14451E
  46. Aircraft Ground Deicing Fluid Endurance Times on Composite Surfaces
         TP 14448E
  47. A Sensor for Determining Anti-icing Fluid Failure: Phase II
         TP 14446E
  48. Evaluation of Type IV Fluids Applied Using Forced Air Assist Equipment
         TP 14445E
  49. Aircraft Ground De Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Development Program for the 2004-05 Winter
         TP 14443E
  50. A Sensor for Detecting Anti-Icing Fluid Failure: Phase I
         TP 14382E
  51. Aircraft Ground Icing General and Exploratory Research Activities for the 2003-04 Winter
         TP 14381E
  52. A Protocol for Testing Fluids Applied with Forced Air Systems
         TP 14380E
  53. Evaluation of a Real-Time Snow Precipitation Gauge for Aircraft Deicing Operations (2003-04)
         TP 14378E
  54. Endurance Time Testing in Snow: Comparison of Indoor and Outdoor Data for 2003-04
         TP 14376E
  55. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Development Program for the 2003-04 Winter
         TP 14374E
  56. Aircraft Ground Icing Research Support Activities for the 2002-03 Winter
         TP 14155E
  57. Aircraft Ground Icing Exploratory Research for the 2002-03 Winter
         TP 14154E
  58. Endurance Time Testing in Snow: Comparison of Indoor and Outdoor Data for 2002-03
         TP 14148E
  59. Laboratory Test Parameters for Frost Endurance Time Tests
         TP 14145E
  60. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time Development Program for the 2002-03 Winter
         TP 14144E
  61. Endurance Time Testing in Snow: Reconciliation of Indoor and Outdoor Data, 2000-02
         TP 13997E
  62. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-Icing Fluid Holdover Time and Endurance Time Testing Program for the 2001-02 Winter
         TP 13991E
  63. Endurance Time Tests in Simulated Frost Conditions: 2001
         TP 13831E
  64. Aircraft Ground De/Anti-icing Fluid Holdover Time and Endurance Time Testing Program for the 1999-2000
         Winter
         TP 13659E
 

Interim Reports

  1. Substantiation of Aircraft Ground Deicing Holdover Times in Frost Conditions, 2003-04 
         INTERIM
  2. Preliminary Aircraft Deicing Research in Heavy Snow Conditions, 2006-07 
         INTERIM
  3. Effect of Heat on Fluid Endurance Times Using Composite Surfaces, 2006-07 
         INTERIM
  4. Fluid Endurance Times Using Composite Surfaces, 2007-08 
         INTERIM
  5. Fluid Endurance Times Using Composite Surfaces, 2008-09 
         INTERIM
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